Planewave CDK 12.5 Fused Silica

Brand: Planewave
Brand: Planewave
SKU: 125104Q
$19,599.00

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PlaneWave CDK 12.5 Fused Silica

Capturing the most stunning astrophotographs possible is something our team is passionate about. From design to manufacture, our goal with the Corrected Dall-Kirkham (CDK) 12.5″ telescope was centered around performance and ease of use. The PlaneWave CDK 12.5 Fused Silica is an incredible breakthrough in telescope technology and produces no off-axis coma and no off-axis astigmatism. Additionally, the PlaneWave CDK 12.5 Fused Silica provides a perfectly flat field so your astrophotographs will have stunning clarity from corner to corner of the image without field curvature degrading the photos. Offering the simplicity of single-mirror collimation, the stray light control of advanced baffles, structural performance created through finite element analysis (FEA), and decades of telescope design experience, the CDK12.5 is an exceptional diffraction-limited telescope. CDK12.5 users can experience pinpoint stars edge-to-edge and a 70 x 70 arcminute field of view when using large camera sensors. When equipment fades into the background and simply performs, the astrophotography experience becomes even more fun and rewarding!

The PlaneWave CDK 12.5 Fused Silica is a 12.5 inch (0.32 m) f/8 Corrected Dall-Kirkham Astrograph telescope. The telescope has a closed carbon fiber tube, with 3 cooling fans ejecting air from the back of the telescope. The PlaneWave CDK 12.5 covers a 52 mm field of view without any field curvature, off-axis coma, or astigmatism. The instrument weight is 21kg and comes standard with the large capacity 2.75 inch Hedrick focuser.

Carbon Fiber Tube DesignMinimizes thermal expansion which causes focus shift with changes in temperature
Dovetail expansion jointAllows for the difference in thermal expansion between carbon fiber and aluminium. The expansion joint allows the aluminium dovetail expand and contract without stressing the carbon fiber lower truss
2.75 inch Hedrick FocuserHeavy duty no-slip focuser. The focus tube runs on 5 bearings and is driven by a leadscrew so there is no chance of slipping. Focus may be automated through a computer using PlaneWave’s EFA Kit add-on. The draw tube travel is 1.3 inch.  Image 1  Image 2
Cooling FansThree fans blow out of the optical tube pulling air though the telescope and by the primary mirror. This helps the telescope to reach thermal equilibrium quickly. The fans are controlled by a switch on the optical tube or can be controlled by a computer if the optional Electronic Focus Accessory (EFA Kit) is purchased.

Technology

The CDK Optical Design

The CDK [Corrected Dall-Kirkham] telescope is based on a new optical design developed by Dave Rowe. The goal of the design is to make an affordable astrographic telescope with a large enough imaging plane to take advantage of the large format CCD cameras of today. Most telescope images degrade as you move off-axis from either coma, off-axis astigmatism, or field curvature.  The CDK design suffers from none of these problems. The CDK is coma free, has no off-axis astigmatism, and has a flat field. The design is a simple and elegant solution to the problems posed above. The CDK consists of three components: an ellipsoidal primary mirror, a spherical secondary mirror and a lens group. All these components are optimized to work in concert in order to create superb pinpoint stars across the entire 52mm image plane.

Optical Performance

Shown are two simulations showing the CDK’s stunning performance. The first is a diffraction simulation and the second is a spot diagram. In both simulations the small squares are 9×9 microns, about the size of a CCD pixel. In the diffraction simulation the star images on axis and off-axis are nearly identical. In the spot diagram 21mm off-axis the spot size is an incredible 6 microns RMS diameter. This means stars across a 52 mm image circle are going to be pinpoints as small as the atmospheric seeing will allow.

Both of the simulations take into consideration a flat field, which is a more accurate representation of how the optics would perform on a flat CCD camera chip. For visual use some amount of field curvature would be allowed since the eye is able to compensate for a curved field.  The diffraction simulation was calculated at 585nm.  The spot diagram was calculated at 720, 585, and 430nm.  Many companies show spot diagrams in only one wavelength, but you cannot see the chromatic performance with only one wavelength.

 

 

Comparison:  CDK vs. Ritchey Chrétien

The simulations shown compares the optical performance of the CDK design to the Ritchey Chrétien (RC) design. The Ritchey design was popularized as an astroimaging telescope due to its use in many professional

observatories. Although very difficult and expensive to manufacture and align, the Ritchey is successful in eliminating many of the problems that plague many other designs, namely off-axis coma. However the Ritchey does nothing to eliminate the damaging effects of off-axis astigmatism and field curvature.

The CDK design tackles the off-axis coma problem by integrating a pair of correcting lenses into a two mirror design.  The beauty is that this design also corrects for astigmatism and field curvature. Because the lenses are relatively close to the focal plane (unlike the Schmidt corrector plate found in various Schmidt Cassegrain designs), and because these lenses work together as a doublet, there is no chromatic aberration.  The CDK offers a wide aberration-free, flat field of view that allows the user to take full advantage of the very large imaging chip cameras in the market place today.

Having an aberration free telescope design means nothing if the optics cannot be aligned properly.  Many Ritchey owners never get to take full advantage of their instrument’s performance because the Ritchey is very difficult to collimate.   Aligning the hyperbolic secondary mirror’s optical axis to the optical axis of the primary mirror is critical in the Ritchey design, and the tolerances are unforgiving.  The secondary mirror of the CDK design is spherical.  It has no optical axis and so the centering tolerance of the CDK secondary mirror is comparatively huge.  With the help of some very simple tools, the CDK user will be able to set the secondary spacing, collimate the optics and begin enjoying the full performance potential the instrument has to offer within a few minutes.

The drastic difference in performance between the CDK and the RC is apparent.  The biggest component that degrades the off-axis performance of the RC is the defocus due to field curvature.  In many diagrams shown by RC manufacturers, the diagrams look better than this because they are showing a curved field.  This is fine for visual use because the eye can compensate for some amount of curvature of field.  But CCD arrays are flat and so in order to evaluate the performance a spot diagrams and/or diffraction simulations requires a flat field as shown.

PlaneWave CDK 12.5 Specifications
OPTICAL SYSTEM
Aperture318mm (12.5 inch)
Focal Length2541 mm (100.04 inch)
Focal ratiof/8
Central Obstruction42% of the Primary Mirror Diameter
Back Focus from Mounting Surface265mm (10.445 inch )
Back Focus from Racked in Focuser183mm (7.2 inch)
OTA Length787mm (31 inch)
Optical TubeCarbon Fiber
DimensionsOverall Dimensions (PDF)
Weight (includes manual-focuser and dovetail)20.9 kg (46 lbs)
Weight (includes electronic-focuser and dovetail)22.0 kg (48.5 lbs)
SECONDARY MIRROR
Diameter118 mm (4.65 inch)
MaterialPrecision Annealed Fused Silica
ShapeSpherical
CoatingEnhanced Aluminium – 96%
PRIMARY MIRROR
Optical Diameter318 mm (12.5 inch)
Outer Diameter330 mm (13 inch)
ShapeProlate Ellipsoid
MaterialPrecision Annealed  Fused Silica
CoatingEnhanced Aluminium – 96%
LENS GROUP
Diameter70 mm (2.76 inch)
Number of lenses2
CoatingBroadband AR Coatings (less than .5% reflected from 400 to 700nm)

SHIPPING

Crated Shipping Weight73.9 kg
Crate Width559 mm
Crate Height737 mm
Crate Length1,219 mm

INCLUDED ACCESSORIES

Motorized 2.75″ Hedrick FocuserOffers 1.3″ of focusMotorized 2.75″ Hedrick Focuser Offers 1.3″ of focuser travel and takes up 3″ of backfocus. Requires the 125901 EFA kit sold separately.
Heating elements for dew preventionThe heating pads on the primary and secondary mirror require the 600195 Delta-T controller sold separately
OTA CoverTo protect the primary mirror and inside of the optical tube
FlashdriveContains software and instructions for collimation and spacing the primary to secondary mirror
Cable connector for fan powerProvides a connection method for powering for the fans if the user does not have the 125901 EFA kit. User must provide 12VDC power supply 2.1 barrel jack connector that is center positive.

Collimation and Spacing Instructions

Planewave CDK 12.5 Fused Silica

SKU: 125104Q

The CDK12.5 is an innovative telescope for unsurpassed astroimaging, research, or satellite tracking.

  • f/8 and 2541mm focal length.
  • No coma, no off-axis astigmatism, and no field curvature.
  • Pinpoint stars across a 52mm image circle.
  • Rock solid fused silica mirrors with low thermal expansion.
  • Carbon fiber optical tube assembly for rigidity and fast cooling.
  • Simple secondary mirror collimation thanks to the fixed primary mirror.

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